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Antidepressants

Pharmaceutical drugs used for the treatment of mood disorders, including: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), dysthymia, anxiety disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), eating disorders, chronic pain (including fibromyalgia), neuropathic pain, bipolar disorder, and, in some cases, snoring, migraines, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), substance abuse and sleep disorders. They can be used alone or in combination with other medications and treatments.

Anxiety Disorder

An umbrella term that covers several different forms of psychiatric disorders characterized by excessive rumination, worrying, uneasiness, apprehension and fear about future uncertainties either based on real or imagined events that may affect both physical and psychological health. Anxiety disorders include panic disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), social anxiety disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and general anxiety disorder.

Baby Blues

Mood changes experienced by a majority of women for a brief period of time after giving birth that often include feelings of sadness and anxiety.

Biopolar Disorder

Mental health disorder marked by alternating periods of a lowering of mood (depression) and an exaggerated elevation of mood (mania), which occur in cycles and are referred to as “episodes”. People with Bipolar Disorder experience extreme mood swings that can take three different forms: manic, depressive, and mixed episodes.

Chronic Pain

Pain lasting longer than three to six months.

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

(also known as clinical depression, major depression, unipolar depression or disorder, or recurrent depression in the case of repeated episodes) — mental disorder characterized by a pervasive and persistent low mood which is accompanied by low self-esteem and by a loss of interest or pleasure in normally enjoyable activities. Major Depressive Disorder is a disabling condition that adversely affects a person’s family, work or school life, sleeping and eating habits, and general health. In the United States, over three percent of people with Major Depressive Disorder commit suicide. As many as sixty percent (60%) of people who committed suicide previously suffered from depression or other mood disorders.

Dual Diagnosis

Suffering from a mental illness and a comorbid substance abuse problem.

Eating Disorder

A range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal or disturbed eating habits (such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia).

Fibromyalgia

A chronic disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and tenderness in localized areas.

Mood Disorder

Any of a group of psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder, characterized by a pervasive disturbance of mood that is not caused by an organic abnormality.

Neurons

Nerve cells that are the building blocks of the nervous system. Neurons act as sensors for all kinds of stimuli and communicate the stimuli throughout the body. A neuron receives electrical input signals from sensory cells (called sensory neurons) and from other neurons. The neuron then sends electrical output signals to muscle neurons and to other neurons. For example, neurons sense that a stove is hot and communicate to your muscle neurons to remove your hand from the stove.

Neurotransmitters

Chemicals released by neurons to communicate stimuli and information from one nerve cell to another.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted and unreasonable thoughts and fears (obsessions) that compel repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety (compulsion).

Post-Partum Depression (PPD)

By a prolonged period of emotional disturbance (moderate to severe depression), occurring anywhere from soon after delivery up to a year after birth.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

An anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events (war, violent acts, natural disasters, etc.) and characterized by such symptoms as sleep disturbances, reliving the trauma in dreams, survivor guilt, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or uncontrollable or recurrent thoughts about the event.

Side Effects

A secondary, typically undesirable effect of a drug or medical treatment.

Substance Abuse

Defined as an overindulgence in or dependence on an addictive substance, especially alcohol or drugs.

Survivor Guilt

An immense feeling of guilt often experienced by those who have survived some catastrophe that took the lives of many others (war, violence, fire, car accident) that derives in part from a feeling that they did not do enough to save the others who perished and in part from feelings of being unworthy relative to those who died.

Tinnitus

A sensation of noise (ringing, buzzing or roaring) that is caused by a bodily condition without an external cause.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

FDA-cleared, non-invasive, outpatient treatment for Major Depressive Disorder that uses a pulsed magnetic field to stimulate function and increase blood flow and glucose metabolism in brain regions known to regulate mood. TMS therapy has been safely and effectively used for many psychiatric disorders including: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), anxiety disorders (including social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and general anxiety disorder), bipolar disorder, chronic pain, (including Fibromyalgia), tinnitus, and other mood disorders.