(847) 562-5868Toll Free: (855) TMS-MIND or (855) 867-6463
Information for Practitioners

Leading National TMS provider—more locations, more doctors, more experience, more success!

Thank you for your interest in TMS therapy and TheraMind Services. Below, please find a bibliography of articles and studies on TMS therapy and its application in treating several illnesses. For further reference, you can download our PowerPoint presentation that will explains how TMS therapy works to alleviate the symptoms of depression, anxiety and other mood disorders.

Bibliography

TMS and MDD

  1. Mantovani A, Aly M, Dagan Y, Allart A, Lisanby SH. Randomized sham controlled trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for the treatment of panic disorder with comorbid major depression. J Affect Disord. 2013 Jan 10;144(1-2):153-9.
  2. Mantovani A, Pavlicova M, Avery D, Nahas Z, McDonald WM, Wajdik CD, Holtzheimer PE 3rd, George MS, Sackeim HA, Lisanby SH. Long-term efficacy of repeated daily prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in treatment-resistant depression. Depress Anxiety. 2012 Oct;29(10):883-90.
  3. Fitzgerald PB, Hoy KE, Herring SE, McQueen S, Peachey AV, Segrave RA, Maller J, Hall P, Daskalakis ZJ. A double blind randomized trial of unilateral left and bilateral prefrontal cortex transcranial magnetic stimulation in treatment resistant major depression. J Affect Disord. 2012 Jul;139(2):193-8.
  4. Huang ML, Luo BY, Hu JB, Wang SS, Zhou WH, Wei N, Hu SH, Xu Y. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in combination with citalopram in young patients with first-episode major depressive disorder: a double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2012 Mar;46(3):257-64.
  5. Janicak PG, Nahas Z, Lisanby SH, Solvason HB, Sampson SM, McDonald WM, Marangell LB, Rosenquist P, McCall WV, Kimball J, O’Reardon JP, Loo C, Husain MH, Krystal A, Gilmer W, Dowd SM, Demitrack MA, Schatzberg AF. Durability of clinical benefit with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the treatment of pharmacoresistant major depression: assessment of relapse during a 6-month, multisite, open-label study. Brain Stimul. 2010 Oct;3(4):187-99.
  6. George MS, Lisanby SH, Avery D, McDonald WM, Durkalski V, Pavlicova M, Anderson B, Nahas Z, Bulow P, Zarkowski P, Holtzheimer PE 3rd, Schwartz T, Sackeim HA. Daily left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy for major depressive disorder: a sham-controlled randomized trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 May;67(5):507-16.
  7. Carretero B, Martín MJ, Juan A, Pradana ML, Martín B, Carral M, Jimeno T, Pareja A, Montoya P, Aguirre I, Salva J, Roca M, Gili M, Garcia-Toro M. Low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with fibromyalgia and major depression. Pain Med. 2009 May-Jun;10(4):748-53.
  8. Bares M, Kopecek M, Novak T, Stopkova P, Sos P, Kozeny J, Brunovsky M, Höschl C. Low frequency (1-Hz), right prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) compared with venlafaxine ER in the treatment of resistant depression: a double-blind, single-centre, randomized study. J Affect Disord. 2009 Nov;118(1-3):94-100.
  9. Schutter DJ, Laman DM, van Honk J, Vergouwen AC, Koerselman GF. Partial clinical response to 2 weeks of 2 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the right parietal cortex in depression. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2009 Jun;12(5):643-50.
  10. Schutter DJ. Antidepressant efficacy of high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in double-blind sham-controlled designs: a meta-analysis. Psychol Med. 2009 Jan;39(1):65-75.
  11. Bretlau LG, Lunde M, Lindberg L, Undén M, Dissing S, Bech P. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in combination with escitalopram in patients with treatment-resistant major depression: a double-blind, randomised, sham-controlled trial. Pharmacopsychiatry. 2008 Mar;41(2):41-7.
  12. Fitzgerald PB, Hoy K, McQueen S, Herring S, Segrave R, Been G, Kulkarni J, Daskalakis ZJ. Priming stimulation enhances the effectiveness of low-frequency right prefrontal cortex transcranial magnetic stimulation in major depression. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2008 Feb;28(1):52-8.
  13. Herwig U, Fallgatter AJ, Höppner J, Eschweiler GW, Kron M, Hajak G, Padberg F, Naderi-Heiden A, Abler B, Eichhammer P, Grossheinrich N, Hay B, Kammer T, Langguth B, Laske C, Plewnia C, Richter MM, Schulz M, Unterecker S, Zinke A, Spitzer M, Schönfeldt-Lecuona C. Antidepressant effects of augmentative transcranial magnetic stimulation: randomised multicentre trial. Br J Psychiatry. 2007 Nov;191:441-8.
  14. O’Reardon JP, Solvason HB, Janicak PG, Sampson S, Isenberg KE, Nahas Z, McDonald WM, Avery D, Fitzgerald PB, Loo C, Demitrack MA, George MS, Sackeim HA. Efficacy and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the acute treatment of major depression: a multisite randomized controlled trial. Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Dec 1;62(11):1208-16.
  15. Stern WM, Tormos JM, Press DZ, Pearlman C, Pascual-Leone A. Antidepressant effects of high and low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007 Spring;19(2):179-86.
  16. Rossini D, Magri L, Lucca A, Giordani S, Smeraldi E, Zanardi R. Does rTMS hasten the response to escitalopram, sertraline, or venlafaxine in patients with major depressive disorder? A double-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005 Dec;66(12):1569-75.
  17. Fitzgerald PB, Benitez J, de Castella A, Daskalakis ZJ, Brown TL, Kulkarni J. A randomized, controlled trial of sequential bilateral repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant depression. Am J Psychiatry. 2006 Jan;163(1):88-94.
  18. Garcia-Toro M, Salva J, Daumal J, Andres J, Romera M, Lafau O, Echevarría M, Mestre M, Bosch C, Collado C, Ibarra O, Aguirre I. High (20-Hz) and low (1-Hz) frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation as adjuvant treatment in medication-resistant depression. Psychiatry Res. 2006 Jan 30;146(1):53-7.
  19. Januel D, Dumortier G, Verdon CM, Stamatiadis L, Saba G, Cabaret W, Benadhira R, Rocamora JF, Braha S, Kalalou K, Vicaut PE, Fermanian J. A double-blind sham controlled study of right prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS): therapeutic and cognitive effect in medication free unipolar depression during 4 weeks. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Jan;30(1):126-30.
  20. Rossini D, Lucca A, Zanardi R, Magri L, Smeraldi E. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in treatment-resistant depressed patients: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Psychiatry Res. 2005 Nov 15;137(1-2):1-10.
  21. Su TP, Huang CC, Wei IH. Add-on rTMS for medication-resistant depression: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial in Chinese patients. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005 Jul;66(7):930-7.
  22. Boggio PS, Fregni F, Bermpohl F, Mansur CG, Rosa M, Rumi DO, Barbosa ER, Odebrecht Rosa M, Pascual-Leone A, Rigonatti SP, Marcolin MA, Araujo Silva MT. Effect of repetitive TMS and fluoxetine on cognitive function in patients with Parkinson’s disease and concurrent depression. Mov Disord. 2005 Sep;20(9):1178-84.
  23. Rumi DO, Gattaz WF, Rigonatti SP, Rosa MA, Fregni F, Rosa MO, Mansur C, Myczkowski ML, Moreno RA, Marcolin MA. Transcranial magnetic stimulation accelerates the antidepressant effect of amitriptyline in severe depression: a double-blind placebo-controlled study. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Jan 15;57(2):162-6.
  24. Chistyakov AV, Kaplan B, Rubichek O, Kreinin I, Koren D, Feinsod M, Klein E. Antidepressant effects of different schedules of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation vs. clomipramine in patients with major depression: relationship to changes in cortical excitability. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2005 Jun;8(2):223-33.
  25. Koerselman F, Laman DM, van Duijn H, van Duijn MA, Willems MA. A 3-month, follow-up, randomized, placebo-controlled study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in depression. J Clin Psychiatry. 2004 Oct;65(10):1323-8.
  26. Hausmann A, Kemmler G, Walpoth M, Mechtcheriakov S, Kramer-Reinstadler K, Lechner T, Walch T, Deisenhammer EA, Kofler M, Rupp CI, Hinterhuber H, Conca A. No benefit derived from repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in depression: a prospective, single centre, randomised, double blind, sham controlled “add on” trial. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Feb;75(2):320-2.
  27. Fitzgerald PB, Brown TL, Marston NA, Daskalakis ZJ, De Castella A, Kulkarni J. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of depression: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003 Oct;60(10):1002-8.
  28. Herwig U, Lampe Y, Juengling FD, Wunderlich A, Walter H, Spitzer M, Schönfeldt-Lecuona C. Add-on rTMS for treatment of depression: a pilot study using stereotaxic coil-navigation according to PET data. J Psychiatr Res. 2003 Jul-Aug;37(4):267-75.
  29. Nahas Z, Kozel FA, Li X, Anderson B, George MS. Left prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) treatment of depression in bipolar affective disorder: a pilot study of acute safety and efficacy. Bipolar Disord. 2003 Feb;5(1):40-7.
  30. Boutros NN, Gueorguieva R, Hoffman RE, Oren DA, Feingold A, Berman RM. Lack of a therapeutic effect of a 2-week sub-threshold transcranial magnetic stimulation course for treatment-resistant depression. Psychiatry Res. 2002 Dec 30;113(3):245-54.
  31. Speer AM, Repella JD, Figueras S, Demian NK, Kimbrell TA, Wasserman EM, Post RM. Lack of adverse cognitive effects of 1 Hz and 20 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation at 100% of motor threshold over left prefrontal cortex in depression. J ECT. 2001 Dec;17(4):259-63.
  32. Manes F, Jorge R, Morcuende M, Yamada T, Paradiso S, Robinson RG. A controlled study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as a treatment of depression in the elderly. Int Psychogeriatr. 2001 Jun;13(2):225-31.
  33. Szuba MP, O’Reardon JP, Rai AS, Snyder-Kastenberg J, Amsterdam JD, Gettes DR, Wassermann E, Evans DL. Acute mood and thyroid stimulating hormone effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation in major depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Jul 1;50(1):22-7.
  34. Garcia-Toro M, Mayol A, Arnillas H, Capllonch I, Ibarra O, Crespí M, Micó J, Lafau O, Lafuente L. Modest adjunctive benefit with transcranial magnetic stimulation in medication-resistant depression. J Affect Disord. 2001 May;64(2-3):271-5.
  35. Loo C, Sachdev P, Elsayed H, McDarmont B, Mitchell P, Wilkinson M, Parker G, Gandevia S. Effects of a 2- to 4-week course of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on neuropsychologic functioning, electroencephalogram, and auditory threshold in depressed patients. Biol Psychiatry. 2001 Apr 1;49(7):615-23.
  36. Berman RM, Narasimhan M, Sanacora G, Miano AP, Hoffman RE, Hu XS, Charney DS, Boutros NN. A randomized clinical trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of major depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2000 Feb 15;47(4):332-7.
  37. Padberg F, Zwanzger P, Thoma H, Kathmann N, Haag C, Greenberg BD, Hampel H, Möller HJ. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in pharmacotherapy-refractory major depression: comparative study of fast, slow and sham rTMS. Psychiatry Res. 1999 Nov 29;88(3):163-71.
  38. Klein E, Kreinin I, Chistyakov A, Koren D, Mecz L, Marmur S, Ben-Shachar D, Feinsod M. Therapeutic efficacy of right prefrontal slow repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in major depression: a double-blind controlled study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1999 Apr;56(4):315-20.
  39. George MS, Wassermann EM, Kimbrell TA, Little JT, Williams WE, Danielson AL, Greenberg BD, Hallett M, Post RM. Mood improvement following daily left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with depression: a placebo-controlled crossover trial. Am J Psychiatry. 1997 Dec;154(12):1752-6.

TMS and PTSD

  1. Boggio PS, Rocha M, Oliveira MO, Fecteau S, Cohen RB, Campanha C, Ferreira-Santos E, Meleiro A, Corchs F, Zaghi S, Pascual-Leone A, Fregni F. Noninvasive Brain Stimulation With High- and Low-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. J Clin Psychiatry 2009;1-13.
  2. Burt T, Lisanby SH, Sackeim HA. Neuropsychiatric applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation: a meta-analysis. The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 2002; 5:73-103.
  3. Cohen H, Kaplan Z, Kotler M, Kouperman L, Moisa R, Grisaru N. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Right Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study. Am J Psychiatry 2004; 161:515-524.
  4. Isserles M, Shalev AY, Roth Y, Peri T, Kutz I, Zlotnick E, Zangen A. Effectiveness of deep transcranial magnetic stimulation combined with a brief exposure procedure in post-traumatic stress disorder – A pilot study. In: 2012. p. 1-7.
  5. McCann UD, Kimbrell TA, Morgan CM, Anderson T, Geraci M, Benson BE, Wassermann EM, Willis MW, Post RM. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for posttraumatic stress disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry 1998; 55:276-279.
  6. Mindy Hung. High-Frequency TMS May Benefit Patients With PTSD. Medscape. Mar 12, 2004.
  7. Novakovic V, Sher L, Lapidus KA, Mindes J, Golier A, Yehuda R. Brain stimulation in posttraumatic stress disorder. Eur.J.Psychotraumatol. 2011; 2.
  8. Osuch EA, Benson BE, Luckenbaugh DA, Geraci M, Post RM, McCann U. Repetitive TMS combined with exposure therapy for PTSD: a preliminary study. J Anxiety Disord 2009; 23:54-59.
  9. Pallanti S, Bernardi S. Neurobiology of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of anxiety: a critical review. International Clinical Psychopharmacology 2009; 24:163-173.
  10. Rosenberg PB, Mehndiratta RB, Waner A, Rosse RB, Balish M. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment of Comorbid Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Major Depression. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2002; 14:270-276.
  11. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Shows Promise for PTSD, Research Currents. February 12, 2008.
  12. Watts BV, Landon B, Groft A, Young-Xu Y. A sham controlled study for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for posttraumatic stress disorder. In: 2012. p. 38-43.
  13. Zwanzger P, Fallgatter AJ, Zavorotnyy M, Padberg F. Anxiolytic effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation—an alternative treatment option in anxiety disorders? J Neural Transm 2009;1-9.

TMS and Addiction

  1. Amiaz R, Levy D, Vainiger D, Grunhaus L, Zangen A. Repeated high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex reduces cigarette craving and consumption. Addiction 2009; 104:653-660.
  2. Barr MS, Farzan F, Wing VC, George TP, Fitzgerald PB, Daskalakis ZJ. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and drug addiction. Int.Rev.Psychiatry 2011; 23:454-466.
  3. Barth KS, Rydin-Gray S, Kose S, Borckardt JJ, O’Neil PM, Shaw D, Madan A, Budak A, George MS. Food cravings and the effects of left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation using an improved sham condition. Front Psychiatry 2011; 2:9.
  4. Brody AL, Cook IA. Manipulation of Cigarette Craving with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Biol Psychiatry 2011; 70:702-703.
  5. Camprodon JA, Martinez-Raga J, Alonso-Alonso M, Shih MC, Pascual-Leone A. One session of high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the right prefrontal cortex transiently reduces cocaine craving. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2007; 86:91-94.
  6. De Ridder D, Vanneste S, Kovacs S, Sunaert S, Dom G. Transient alcohol craving suppression by rTMS of dorsal anterior cingulate: An fMRI and LORETA EEG study. Neuroscience Letters 2011; 496:5-10.
  7. Eichhammer P, Johann M, Kharraz A, Binder H, Pittrow D, Wodarz N, Hajak G. High-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Decreases Cigarette Smoking. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2003; 64:951-53.
  8. Fecteau S, Fregni F, Boggio PS, Camprodon JA, Pascual-Leone A. Neuromodulation of decision-making in the addictive brain. Subst.Use.Misuse. 2010; 45:1766-1786.
  9. Feil J, Zangen A. Brain stimulation in the study and treatment of addiction. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 2010; 34:559-574.
  10. Herremans SC, Baeken C, Vanderbruggen N, Vanderhasselt MA, Zeeuws D, Santermans L, De Raedt R. No influence of one right-sided prefrontal HF-rTMS session on alcohol craving in recently detoxified alcohol-dependent patients: Results of a naturalistic study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2012; 120:209-213.
  11. Hoppner J, Broese T, Wendler L, Berger C, Thome J. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treatment of alcohol dependence. In: 2011. p. 57-62.
  12. Johann M, Wiegand R, Kharraz A, Bobbe G, Sommer G, Hajak G, Wodarz N, Eichhammer P. [Transcranial magnetic stimulation for nicotine dependence]. Psychiatr.Prax. 2003; 30 Suppl 2:S129-S131.
  13. Mishra BR, Nizamie SH, Das B, Praharaj SK. Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in alcohol dependence: a sham-controlled study. Society for the Study of Addiction 2010; 105:49-55.
  14. Nardone R, Bergmann J, Christova M, Lochner P, Tezzon F, Golaszewski S, Trinka E, Brigo F. Non-invasive brain stimulation in the functional evaluation of alcohol effects and in the treatment of alcohol craving: A review. In: 2012.
  15. Politi E, Fauci E, Santoro A, Smeraldi E. Daily Sessions of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to the Left Prefrontal Cortex Gradually Reduce Cocaine Craving. The American Journal on Addictions 2008; 17:345-346.
  16. Rose JE, McClernon FJ, Froeliger B, Behm FM, Preudhomme X, Krystal AD. Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Superior Frontal Gyrus Modulates Craving for Cigarettes. Biological Psychiatry 2011.
  17. Uher R, Yoganathan D, Mogg A, Eranti SV, Treasure J, Campbell I, McLoughlin D, Schmidt U. Effect of left prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on food craving. Biol Psychiatry 2005; 58:840-842.
  18. Wing VC, Bacher I, Wu BS, Daskalakis ZJ, George TP. High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces tobacco craving in schizophrenia. In: 2012a. p. 264-266.
  19. Wing VC, Barr MS, Wass CE, Lipsman N, Lozano AM, Daskalakis ZJ, George TP. Brain stimulation methods to treat tobacco addiction. In: 2012b. p. 1-10.

TMS and Anxiety 

  1. Abraham G, Milev R, Lazowski L, Jokic R, du TR, Lowe A (2007) Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of elderly patients with depression – an open label trial. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 3:919-924
  2. Avery DH, Isenberg KE, Sampson SM, Janicak PG, Lisanby S, Maixner D, Loo C, Thase M, Demitrack MA, George M (2008) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Acute Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder:  Clincical Response in an Open-Label Extension Trial. J Clin Psychiatry 69:441-451
  3. Bystritsky A, Kaplan JT, Feusner JD, Kerwin LE, Wadekar M, Burock M, Wu AD, Iacoboni M (2008) A Preliminary Study of fMRI-Guided rTMS in the Treatment of Generalized Anxiety disorder. J Clin Psychiatry 69:1902-1098
  4. Bystritsky A, Kerwin LE, Feusner J (2009) A Preliminary Study of fMRI-Guided rTMS in the Treatment of Generalized Anxiety disorder:  6-Month Follow-Up. J Clin Psychiatry 70:431-432
  5. Dresler T, Ehlis A, Plichta M, Richter M, Jabs B, Lesch K, Fallgatter A (2009) Panic disorder and a possible treatment approach by means of hight-frequency rTMS: A case report. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry 1First article:1-7
  6. Feinsod M, Sreinin B, Chistyakov A, Klein E (1998) Preliminary evidence for a beneficial effect of low-frequency, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with major depression and schizophrenia. Depression and Anxiety 7:65-68
  7.  Garcia-Toro M, Salva CJ, Crespi FM, Andres TJ, Aguirre O, I, Bosch CC (2002) [Panic disorder and transcranial magnetic stimulation]. Actas Esp Psiquiatr 30:221-224
  8. George MS, Nahas Z, Molloy M, Speer AM, Oliver NC, Li XB, Arana GW, Risch SC, Ballenger JC (2000) A controlled trial of daily left prefrontal cortex TMS for treating depression. Biological Psychiatry 48:962-970
  9. Guaiana G, Mortimer AM, Robertson C (2005) Efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation in panic disorder: a case report. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 39:1047
  10. Holtzheimer III PE, McDonald WM, Mufti M, Kelley ME, Quinn S, Corso G, Epstein CM (2010) Accelerated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment-resistant depression. Depression and Anxiety 27:960-963
  11. Janicak P, O’Reardon JP, Sampson SM, Husain MM, Lisanby SH, Heart KL, Demitrack MA (2008) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder: A Comprehensive Summary of Safety Experience from Acute Exposure, Extended Exposure, and During Reintroduction Treatment. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 69:222-232
  12. Kormos TC (2007) Efficacy of rTMS in the Treatment of Co-Morbid Anxiety in Depressed Patients with Parkinson’s Disease. Movement Disorders 22:1836
  13. Lisanby SH, Husain MM, Rosenquist PB, Maixner D, Gutierrez R, Krystal A, Gilmer W, Marangell LB, Aaronson S, Daskalakis ZJ, Canterbury R, Richelson E, Sackeim HA, George MS (2009) Daily Left Prefrontal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Acute Treatment of Major Depression: Clinical Predictors of Outcome in a Multisite, Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Neuropsychopharmacology 34:522-534
  14. Machado S, Paes F, Velasques B, Teixeira S, Piedade R, Ribeiro P, Nardi AE, Arias-Carrion O (2011) Is rTMS an effective therapeutic strategy that can be used to treat anxiety disorders? Neuropharmacology 62:125-134
  15. Mantovani A, Lisanby SH, Pieraccini F, Ulivelli M, Castrogiovanni P, Rossi S (2007) Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of Panic Disorder (PD) with comorbid major depression. Journal of Affective Disorders 102:277-280
  16. Mantovani A, Aly M, Dagan Y, Allart A, Lisanby SH. Randomized sham controlled trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for the treatment of panic disorder with comorbid major depression. J Affect Disord. 2013 Jan 10;144(1-2):153-9.
  17. Nahas Z, Bohning D, Molloy M, Oustz JA, Risch SC, George MS (1999) Safety and feasibility of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of anxious depression in pregnancy: a case report. J Clin Psychiatry 60:50-52
  18. O’Reardon JP, Solvason HB, Janicak PG, Sampson S, Isenberg KE, Nahas Z, McDonald WM, Avery DH, Fitzgerald PB, Loo CK, Demitrack MA, George MS, Sackeim HA (2007) Efficacy and Safety of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Acute Treatment of Major Depression:  A Multisite Randomized Controlled Trial. Biol Psychiatry 62:1208-1216
  19. Pallanti S, Bernardi S (2009) Neurobiology of repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of anxiety: a critical review. International Clinical Psychopharmacology 24:163-173
  20. Prasko J, Zalesky R, Bares M, Horacek J, Kopecek M, Novak T, Paskova B (2007) The Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) Add On Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors in Patients with Panic Disorder: A Randomized Double Blind Sham Controlled Study. Neuroendocrinol Letters 28:33-38
  21. Rosenberg O, Shoenfeld N, Zangen A, Kotler M, Dannon PN (2010) Deep TMS in a resistant major depressive disorder: A brief report. Depression and Anxiety 27:465-469
  22. Sakkas P, Psarros C, Papadimitriou GN, Theleritis CG, Soldatos CR (2006) Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in a patient suffering from comorbid depression and panic disorder following a myocardial infarction. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 30:960-962
  23. Zwanzger P, Fallgatter AJ, Zavorotnyy M, Padberg F (2009) Anxiolytic effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation—an alternative treatment option in anxiety disorders? J Neural Transm1-9
  24. Zwanzger P, Minov C, Ella R, Schule C, Baghai T, Moller HJ, Rupprecht R, Padberg F (2002) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Panic. Am J Psych 159:315-316

TMS and Stroke

  1. Acler, M., E. Robol, et al. (2009). “A double blind placebo RCT to investigate the effects of serotonergic modulation on brain excitability and motor recovery in stroke patients.” J Neurol 256: 1152-1158.
  2. Ameli, M., C. Grefkes, et al. (2009). “Differential Effects of High-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Over Ipsilesional Primary Motor Cortex in Cortical and Subcortical Middle Cerebral Artery Stroke.” Ann Neurol 66: 298 – 309.
  3. Bernabeu, M., F. Orient, et al. (2004). “Seizure induced by fast repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (letter).” Clinical Neurophysiology 115: 1714-1715.
  4. Blicher, J. U., J. Jakobsen, et al. (2009). “Cortical Excitability in Chronic Stroke and Modulation by Training: A TMS Study.” Neurorehabil Neural Repair 23(5): 486-493.
  5. Bolognini, N., A. Pascual-Leone, et al. (2009). “Using non-invasive brain stimulation to augment motor training-induced plasticity.” Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 6(8): 1 – 13.
  6. Butler, A. and S. Wolf (2003). “Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to assess cortical plasticity:  a critical perspective for stroke rehabilitation.” J Rehabil Med (Suppl) 41: 20-26.
  7. Conca, A., P. Konig, et al. (2000). “Transcranial magnetic stimulation induces ‘pseudoabsence seizure’.” Acta Psychiatr Scand 101(3): 246-8.
  8. Conchou, F., I. Loubinoux, et al. (2009). “Neural Substrates of Low-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation During Movement in Healthy Subjects and Acute Stroke Patients. A PET Study.” Human Brain Mapping 30: 2542 – 2557.
  9. Conforto, A. B., K. N. Ferreiro, et al. (2009). “Effects of Somatosensory Stimulation on Motor Function After Subacute Stroke.” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair: 1 – 10.
  10. Delvaux, V., G. Alagona, et al. (2003). “Post-stroke reorganization of hand motor area: a 1-year prospective follow-up with focal transcranial magnetic stimulation.” Clinical Neurophysiology 114: 1217-1225.
  11. Fregni, F., P. S. Boggio, et al. (2009). “A Sham-Controlled Trial of a 5-Day Course of RepetitiveTranscranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Unaffected Hemisphere in Stroke Patients.” American Heart Association 37: 2115-2122.
  12. Goto, T., Y. Saitoh, et al. (2008). “Diffusion tensor fiber tracking in patients with central
  13. post-stroke pain; correlation with efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.” Pain 140: 509-518.
  14. Grafman, J. and E. Wassermann (1999). “Transcranial magnetic stimulation can measure and modulate learning and memory.” Neuropsychologia 37(2): 159-167.
  15. Hackett, M. L., C. S. Anderson, et al. (2004). “Management of Depression after Stroke: A Systematic Review of Pharmacological Therapies.” Stroke: 1098-1103.
  16. Hackett, M. L., C. Yapa, et al. (2005). “Frequency of Depression After Stroke  A Systematic Review of Observational Studies.” Stroke 36: 1330-1340.
  17. Haupts, M. R., S. Daum, et al. (2004). “Transcranial magnetic stimulation as a provocation for epileptic seizures in multiple sclerosis.” Multiple Sclerosis 10: 475 – 476.
  18. Hummel, F., P. Celnik, et al. (2004). “Effects of non-invasive cortical stimulation on skilled motor function in chronic stroke.” Oxford University Press 128: 490-499.
  19. Hummel, F. and L. G. Cohen (2005). “Improvement of Motor Function with Noninvasive Cortical Stimulation in a Patient with Chronic Stroke.” The American Society of Neurorehabilitation 10(1177): 14-19.
  20. Jefferson, S., S. Mistry, et al. (2009). “Reversal of a Virtual Lesion in Human Pharyngeal Motor Cortex by High Frequency Contralesional Brain Stimulation.” Gastroenterology 137(3): 841 – 849.
  21. Jorge, R. E., R. G. Robinson, et al. (2003). “Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as Treatment of Poststroke Depression: A Preliminary Study.” BIOL PSYCHIATRY 55: 398-405.
  22. Jorge, R. E., D. J. Moser, et al. (2008). “Treatment of Vascular Depression Using Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimiulation.” Arch Gen Psychiatry 65(3): 268 – 276.
  23. Khedr, E. M., M. A. Ahmed, et al. (2005). “Therapeutic trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation after acute ischemic stroke.” Neurology 65: 466-468.
  24. Khedr, E. M., A. E. Etraby, et al. (2009). “Long-term effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on motor function recovery after acute ischemic stroke.” ACTA Neurologica Scandinavica: 1 – 8.
  25. Khedr, E. M., N. Abo-Elfetoa, et al. (2009). “Treatment of post-stroke dysphagia with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.” ACTA Neurologica Scandinavica 119: 155 – 161.
  26. Khedr, E. M., M. R. Abdel-Fadeil, et al. (2009). “Role of 1 and 3 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on motor function recovery after acute ischaemic stroke.” European Journal of Neurology 16(12): 1323 – 1330.
  27. Kim, Y.-H., S. H. You, et al. (2006). “Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation-Induced Corticomotor Excitability and Associated Motor Skill Acquisition in Chronic Stroke.” Stroke 37: 1471-1476.
  28. Kirton, A. (2008). “Repetitive magnetic stimulation shows promise in rehabilitation after pediatric stroke.” Nature Clinical Practice 4(8): 408 – 409.
  29. Kumar, B., J. Kaylita, et al. (2009). “Central Poststroke Pain: A Review of Pathophysiology and Treatment.” Anesth Analg 108(5): 1645 – 1657.
  30. Lefaucheur, J. P., X. Drouot, et al. (2001). “Interventional neurophysiology for pain control: duration of pain relief following repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex.” Neurophysiologie Clinique 31(4): 247-252.
  31. Lefaucheur, J. P. (2006). “Stroke recovery can be enhanced by using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS).” Neurophysiologie Clinique 36: 105-115.
  32. Leung, A., M. Donohue, et al. (2009). “rTMS for Suppressing Neuropathic Pain: A Meta-Analysis.” The Journal of Pain: 1 – 12.
  33. Liepert, J. (2005). “Transcranial magnetic stimulation in neurorehabilitation.” Acta Neurochir 93: 71-74.
  34. Machado, S., J. Bittencourt, et al. (2008). “Therapeutic applications of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in clinical neurorehabilitation.” Funct Neurol 23(3): 113-122.
  35. Mally, J. and E. Dinya (2007). “Recovery of motor disability and spasticity in post-stroke after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS).” Brain Research Bullentin 76: 388-395.
  36. Mally, J. and T. W. Stone (2007). “New advances in the rehabilitation of CNS diseases applying rTMS.” Expert Rev Neruother 7(2): 165-177.
  37. Mansur, C., F. Fregni, et al. (2005). “A sham stimulation-controlled trial of rTMS of the unaffected hemisphere in stroke patients.” Neurology 64: 1802-1804.
  38. Martin, P. I., M. A. Naeser, et al. (2009). “Overt naming fMRI pre- and post-TMS: Two nonfluent aphasia patients, with and without improved naming post-TMS.” Brain & Language: 1 – 16.
  39. Martin, P. I., M. A. Naeser, et al. (2009). “Research With Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Aphasia.” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 9: 451 – 458.
  40. Nitsche, M. A. and F. Fregni (2007). “Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation – An Adjuvant Tool for the Treatment of Neuropsychiatric Diseases?” Current Psychiatry Reviews 3: 222-232.
  41. Prikryl, R. and H. Kucerova (2005). “Occurrence of epileptic paroxysm during repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment.” Jour of Psychopharmacology 19(3): 313.
  42. Richards, L., Stewart, K., Woodbury, M., Senesac, C. and J. Cauraugh (2008). “Movement-Dependent Stroke Recovery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of TMS and fMRI Evidence.” Neuropsychologia 46(1): 3-11.
  43. Rosa, M. A., M. Odebrecht, et al. (2004). “Transcranial magnetic stimulation: review of accidental seizures.” Rev Bras Psiquiatr 26(2): 131 – 134.
  44. Song, W., B. Du, et al. (2009). “Low-Frequency Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Visual Spatial Neglect: A Pilot Study.” J Rehabil Med 41: 162 – 165.
  45. Steffens, D. C., E. Otey, et al. (2006). “Perspectives on Depression, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Cognitive Decline.” Arch Gen Psychiatry 63: 130 – 138.
  46. Takeuchi, N., T. Tada, et al. (2009). “Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over bilateral hemispheres enhances motor function and training effect of paretic hand in patients after stroke.” J Rehabil Med 41: 1049 – 1054.
  47. Verin, E. and A. M. Leroi (2009). “Poststroke Dysphagia Rehabilitation by Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A Noncontrolled Pilot Study.” Dysphagia 24: 204 – 210.
  48. Vernieri, F., P. Maggio, et al. (2009). “High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation decreases cerebral vasomotor reactivity.” Clin Neurophysol 120: 1188-1194.
  49. Walther, M., H. Juenger, et al. (2009). “Motor Cortex Plasticity in Ischemic Perinatal Stroke: A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Functional MRI Study.” Pediatr Neurol 41: 171 – 178.
  50. Werhahn, K. J., J. Mortensen, et al. (2002). “Cortical excitability changes induced by deafferentation of the contralateral hemisphere.” Brain 125(Pt 6): 1402-1413.
  51. Werhahn, K. J., J. Mortensen, et al. (2002). “Enhanced tactile spatial acuity and cortical processing during acute hand deafferentation.” Nat Neurosci 5(10): 936-8.
  52. Yozbatiran, N., M. Alonso-Alonso, et al. (2009). “Safety and Behavioral Effects of High-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Stroke.” Stroke 40: 309 – 312.
  53. Ziemann, U., W. Muellbacher, et al. (2001). “Modulation of practice-dependent plasticity in human motor cortex.” Brain 124(Pt 6): 1171-81.

TMS and Anorexia

  1. Tsai SJ. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: a possible novel therapeutic approach to eating disorders. Med Hypotheses. 2005;65(6):1176-8.
  2. Van den Eynde F, Guillaume S, Broadbent H, Campbell IC, Schmidt U. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in anorexia nervosa: A pilot study. Eur Psychiatry. 2011 Aug 29.